Neuroradiology is a subspecialty devoted to the imaging of the central nervous system (the brain and spine) and the head and neck. Imaging modalities used in neuroradiology include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CT scan, diagnostic angiography and myelography.

Neuroradiologists work with physicians from many specialties, including neurosurgery, neurology, head and neck surgery, as well as family practice, internal medicine and pediatrics. Neuroimaging is central to the diagnosis and treatment of conditions including back pain, stroke, brain tumors, and multiple sclerosis. Advanced MR imaging can demonstrate function and physiology of the brain to aid in the treatment of cancer and epilepsy.